Manifest Destiny: Settling the West
March 25th Andrew Jackson Weebly Due
March 27th: 3rd Quarter Community Service Hours are Due
March 30th: Test - Jacksonian Democracy & The West
History Alive: Teach TCI
Lesson 14: Andrew Jackson and the Growth of American Democracy
Lesson 15: Manifest Destiny and the Growing Nation
Lesson 16: Life in the West
Lesson 17: Mexicano Contributions to the Southwest
In the early years of the United States, the right to vote belonged mainly to a few - free white men who owned property. As the country grew, more men were given the right to vote. This expansion of democracy led to the election of Andrew Jackson, a war hero. But not everyone approved of Jackson.
Manifest Destiny means obvious fate. This is the belief by many Americans in the mid 1800s, that America had the right and duty to expand from the east coast to the west coast.
Texas Revolution & Mexican American War
How well did President Andrew Jackson promote democracy?
How justifiable was U.S. expansion in the 1800s?
Was the U.S. justified in going to war with Mexico?
What were the motives, hardships, and legacies of the groups that moved west in the 1800s?
8.8.1 Discuss the election of Andrew Jackson as president in 1828, the importance of Jacksonian democracy, and his actions as president (e.g., the spoils system, veto of the National Bank, policy of Indian removal, opposition to the Supreme Court).
8.8.2 Describe the purpose, challenges, and economic incentives associated with westward expansion, including the concept of Manifest Destiny (e.g., the Lewis and Clark expedition, accounts of the removal of Indians, the Cherokees’ “Trail of Tears” settlement of the Great Plains) and the territorial acquisitions that spanned numerous decades.
Describe the Texas War for Independence and the Mexican-American War, including territorial settlements, the aftermath of the wars, and the effects the wars had on the lives of Americans, including Mexican Americans today.
8.9.4 Discuss the importance of the slavery issue as raised by the annexation of Texas and California’s admission to the union as a free state under the Compromise of 1850.
8.4.3Analyze the rise of capitalism and the economic problems and conflicts that accompanied it (e.g., Jackson’s opposition to the National Bank; early decisions of the U.S. Supreme Court that reinforced the sanctity of contracts and capitalist economic system of law).
8.8.3 Describe the role of pioneer women and the new status that western women achieved (e.g., Laura Ingalls Wilder, Annie Bidwell; slave women gaining freedom in the West; Wyoming granting suffrage to women in 1869).
8.8.4 Examine the importance of the great rivers and the struggle over water rights.
Teach TCI Lesson 16 Literature Recommendations
Lewis and Clark: Explorers of the Louisiana Purchase by Richard Kozar (New York: Chelsea House, 2000)
When Esther Morris Headed West: Women, Wyoming, and the Right to Vote by Connie Nordhielm Wooldridge (New York: Holiday House, 2001)
Journal of Wong Ming-Chung: A Chinese Miner, California, 1852 by Laurence Yep (New York: Scholastic, 2000)
Chinese-American Contribution to the Transcontinental Railroad
This Web site from the Central Pacific Railroad Photographic History Museum highlights the role of Chinese Americans in the construction of the transcontinental railroad. It features images as well as (links to) primary and secondary sources. The site also includes an article about the role of Chinese laborers in railroad construction in California:
Columbia River Basic Ethnic History Archive: Mexican Americans
This Web site provides a historical overview of how the lives of Mexican Americans have changed over the centuries. From the vaqueros of the 18th century to the railroad workers of the 20th century, Mexican Americans have been an important part of the changing identity of the United States.
The Oakland Museum of California has created Gold Rush!, which is a gold mine of a Web site regarding the forty-niners and the California gold rush. The “Gold Fever!” section contains an online tour of the museum exhibit, complete with the life and times of the miners. Students can experience the gold rush in an interactive display, view some of the art of the time period, and test their knowledge with a gold rush quiz.
Heritage Gateway: Mormon Trail Reenactment
Heritage Gateway: Mormon Trail Reenactment is a site that was produced by the Utah Education Network as part of the 150th anniversary commemoration of the Mormon Trail. The site is a mix of old and new: primary sources from the 19th century are interspersed with re-enactors’ accounts of their journey in 1997.
Lewis and Clark: The Journey of the Corps of Discovery
PBS provides the definitive site, Lewis and Clark: The Journey of the Corps of Discovery, for the Corps of Discovery. Produced in conjunction with the Ken Burns documentary of the same name, this site gives students excellent information on the members of the Corps, the Native American groups they encountered, and the overall legacy of the expedition. All of the journals of Lewis and Clark are accessible, and students can also take an interactive journey as the head of the expedition.
Mountain Men and the Fur Trade
Produced by members of the American Mountain Men organization as well as other volunteers, Mountain Men and the Fur Trade, is a site devoted to the legacy of the western fur trading industry and the mountain men. Primary sources abound in the “Digital Library” and “Archive of Records” sections, and students can get a feel for the men through journals, images, and museum pieces.
Pioneer and Emigrant Women
Hosted by Rootsweb.com, an online community for genealogists, Pioneer and Emigrant Women is part of the section “Notable Women Ancestors.” After migrating from England and New England to Utah, Oregon, South Dakota and other western regions, these women had incredible stories to tell. Their biographies, usually written by descendants or relatives, offer unique insights into the experiences of pioneer women.
The Gold Rush
The PBS site,The Gold Rush, is a comprehensive guide to the epic quest for gold. The site contains an overview of the PBS documentary of the same name, information about different aspects of life during the gold rush, and activities and resources for teachers.
This expanded Web site from the National Park Service, Whitman Mission National Historic Site, provides a wealth of information about the missionaries’ fateful journey to the West. Students will gain in-depth information from the historic resources on the site, including biographies, primary and secondary accounts of the massacre, and photos of the site.